A Coast Guard for the Emerging Arctic – Council on Foreign Relations

A warming climate is opening the Arctic to greater human activity, and nations with interests in the region are examining the emerging strategic opportunities and challenges. Arctic sea ice receded to record lows in 2007 and 2012, and scientists project ice-free summers within decades.

Each of the five littoral Arctic states–Norway, Russia, the United States, Canada, and Denmark (Greenland)–has recently updated its policies with respect to this maritime frontier, assessing the considerable security, environmental, and commercial implications. As one measure of the region’s vast economic potential, a 2008 study by the U.S. Geological Survey estimated that about 22 percent of the world’s undiscovered oil and natural gas lie above the Arctic Circle.

via A Coast Guard for the Emerging Arctic – Council on Foreign Relations.

 

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